Local script modules¶
Scripting languages often support modules or libraries for additional functionality or convenience functions. We encourage users to install modules locally for only the current user.
For Python, the recommended way to install modules locally is using virtual environments
As an example we install the Biopython package (and here we use
Python/3.6.4-intel-2018a module as an example):
$ module load Python/3.6.4-intel-2018a $ virtualenv venv $ source venv/bin/activate $ pip install biopython
Next time you log into the machine you have to activate the virtual environment:
$ source venv/bin/activate
If you want to leave the virtual environment again, type:
And you do not have to call it “venv”. It is no problem to have many virtual environments in your home directory. Each will start as a clean Python setup which you then can modify. This is also a great system to have different versions of the same module installed side by side.
If you want to inherit system site packages into your virtual environment, do this instead:
$ virtualenv --system-site-packages venv $ source venv/bin/activate $ pip install biopython
We will use Perl 5.28 and use the standard paths. This follows the general instruction given here: https://metacpan.org/pod/local::lib.
$ module load Perl/5.28.0-GCCcore-7.3.0 $ mkdir my_perl_installs # or however you want to call this temporary folder $ cd my_perl_installs # Check the newest version on metacpan.org and search for local::lib $ wget https://cpan.metacpan.org/authors/id/H/HA/HAARG/local-lib-2.000024.tar.gz $ tar xzf local-lib-2.000024.tar.gz $ cd local-lib-2.000024 $ perl Makefile.PL --bootstrap $ make test $ make install $ echo 'eval "$(perl -I$HOME/perl5/lib/perl5 -Mlocal::lib)"' >> ~/.bashrc $ source ~/.bashrc
Now, the module local::lib is installed and the
~/.bashrc changed such that Perl should now recognize your local folder as module folder.
All future modules will be installed to
If you want to install, for example, the module Math::Vector::Real, just call cpan:
$ cpan Math::Vector::Real
Remember to load the right Perl version first (
module load ...).
The first time you call cpan, it will ask you to do some configurations.
Just press enter (let it do its configurations).